stress-inside-brain-smaller-versionDid you say “both”?

You’re not alone, because most people experience stress (the way our mind and body responds when the stress response is activated) as a result of anxiety (an emotion).

Here’s an overview of how we create our experience of stress.














Working down the S.T.R.E.S.S process from the top:

We are constantly scanning our environment and taking in information through ours senses (stimuli). The first thing our brain does with this information is ask the question “Does this information indicate that there’s a threat to our physical and/or emotional well-being?”

If the answer is “Yes!” our survival may be at risk and so our subconscious immediately triggers the stress response and we respond by fighting, fleeing or freezing.

If the answer is “Yes,” but not to the extent that our life is in immediate danger, our brain has time to do a little more processing of the sensory information and to interpret what it means to us. From this appraisal we create our subjective view of reality.

Our subjective reality arouses an emotion.

If we perceive we’re exposed to:

  • “a real and present threat to our physical and/or emotional well-being” the emotion aroused in us is FEAR. For instance, the fear you experience when you’re crossing the road at a pedestrian crossing and a car runs the red light and comes hurtling towards you.
  • “a possible threat to our physical and/or emotional well-being” the emotion aroused in us, is ANXIETY. For instance, you’re running late for an important team meeting and you imagine arriving late for the meeting and getting reprimanded by your boss in-front of your peers.

The fear or anxiety we experience triggers our stress response.

The stress response creates a cocktail of symptoms which we experience as ‘stress’. These symptoms can be grouped into four categories:

  1. Physical e.g. racing heart, shortness of breath, nausea etc
  2. Emotional e.g. feeling apprehensive, feeling nervous, feeling worried etc
  3. Psychological – negative self-talk/negative thinking e.g. “I’m a failure”, “My life is ruined”, “No one likes me”
  4. Behavioural – freeze, fight or flight. e.g. we can choke (freeze) when challenged, move away or tune out (flight) when we’re feeling out of our depth, or snap (fight) at people.

So as you can see, we can experience anxiety (the emotion) and stress (the symptoms) at the same time.

Over the next few weeks we’re going to take a closer look at each of the steps in the STRESS process, because an understanding of how we experience anxiety and stress puts us back in the driving seat when it comes to helping ourselves overcome our anxiety and reduce stress.

What Next?

To find out more about how I can help you overcome anxiety and reduce stress why not schedule a complimentary 30 minute consultation with me. It’s that easy.

Go well



Tony Yuile is hired by people seeking help to perform at their best in one or more areas of their lives. He is a Personal Performance Coach & hypnosis professional based in Wellington NZ, where he specialises in helping people perform under pressure, reduce anxiety and manage stress. Tony’s solution focused approach to coaching uses a range of techniques drawn from the fields of co-active coaching, hypnosis and neuro-linguistic programming (NLP). Contact Tony today to discuss how he can help you, or if you think Tony could help someone you know, you might like to encourage them to get in touch with him.

This article contains the personal views and opinions of the author, which may change over time. It is intended to be for information only and does not constitute medical advice. For medical and health advice, always consult a qualified medical professional.